Bredakamp, S. (2004). Standards for preschool and kindergarten mathematics education. Engaging young children in mathematics: Standards for early childhood mathematics education, 77-82.
In the piece, the article expresses the issue with standards placed in the schools to assess young children and their teachers. The author discusses the difficult in making mastery standards for children at different levels and stages in development. This article explains the benefit in differentiating the assessment from the what the children can do versus what they should do.
This is a useful resource when trying to point out the negative impacts of standards on young children. The most important suggestion this article could have made was the differentiation in the development level and achievement of mastery of skill.
Clements, D. H., Sarama, J., & DiBiase, A. (Eds.). (2004). Engaging young children in mathematics: Standards for early childhood mathematics education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
This book defined the standards. It talked about the types of standards. It explained the threat of high-stakes standards and the positive impact of high vision standards. Standards can be useful to children when properly used. High-stakes standards can be harmful and damaging to the child.
The book is an excellent tool and resource when the need for an unbiased view of standards is necessary. The source can give implications of standards on young children. This is an important resource when assessing teachers as well as students.
Drew, W. F., Christie, J., Johnson, J. E., Meckley, A. M., & Nell, M. L. (2008). A value-added strategy for meeting early learning standards. Young Children, 63(4), 38-44.
This article discusses the necessity of standards in preschools and elementary schools. It is a source written by preschool teachers and it explains the reason for the shift of teaching. It mentions why the standards are beneficial when assessing students and creating lessons for the students, especially young children.
This is a useful article because it includes real examples and anecdotal evidence from experiences with standards-based practice. This article also includes a brief introduction to constructive education. This is a theory of education that includes learning through play.
Offices of Humanities and Early Childhood. (2013). Virginia's foundation blocks for early learning comprehensive standards for four-year-olds. Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Education.
This is the Virginia Foundation Blocks handbook. This lists every foundation block for learning in thorough detail. This is so that teachers can accurately assess the students in areas of development during preschool.
This will always be a useful tool to teachers and parents. These things are areas in which young children are constantly developing. This handbook will change as time passes, but it will get closer and closer to what should be expected of young children.
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